The Hague has rejected Argentina’s claims of contamination resulting from a Uruguayan paper mill shared by both countries, ending a three-year dispute between the South American neighbors. The International Court of Justice ruled recently that there was “no conclusive” evidence that Uruguay neglected obligations to protect the environment or that the factory caused harm to the Uruguay River. Argentina has claimed that pollution from the paper mill has damaged various economic sectors, including tourism and agriculture, and repeatedly called for it to be dismantled. The Finnish-built Botnia plant, which pulps eucalyptus trees for paper, is located in an area commonly used for fishing, leisure and tourism. “Our town, which depends on tourism is being destroyed,” Mevia Segovia, an activist from the Argentine city of Gualeguaychu, which is near the river, told Al Jazeera. "Our beach was contaminated, people who bathed developed skin rashes because of the chemicals from the paper mill.” Uruguay denies any contamination was caused by the plant, and accuses Argentina of prejudicing tourism and trade on its side of the river.
It also said that Uruguay would not face any penalties, despite ruling that it had engaged in “wrongful conduct” by breaching a 1975 bilateral treaty by failing to consult Argentina over the building of the mill.
The treaty mandates that Uruguay and Argentina should consult each other about any plans for developments near the river, which forms the border between the two countries.
Al-Jazeera reported that about 2,000 Argentine protesters reacted to the verdict by taking to the streets in Buenos Aires, calling the plant “illegal.” However, Susana Ruiz Cerutti, a representative of the Argentinian foreign ministry, told reporters after the judgment: “We are satisfied.” Relations between the neighbours have been strained by the mill.
Luis Almagro, the Uruguayan foreign minister, said that “in environmental politics, Uruguay follows the most strict international standards.”
Uruguayans hope that the court ruling will lead to the reopening of a bridge that crossed the river linking the two countries. “We are against the roadblocks, as ordinary citizens we have nothing to do with all this, which is only turning good neighbors in enemies,” Veronica Perez, a Uruguayan resident, told Al Jazeera. But Argentine activists blocking the bridge have vowed not to give up their fight. Watching on a big screen beside their roadblock, many shouted and cried, complaining that the court had let them down. “ We won’t unblock the border until they get rid of the pulp mill,” Segovia said.