Muslim leaders condemned U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel on December 6, and called on the world to respond by recognizing East Jerusalem as the capital of the Palestinian territories.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who hosted the summit of more than 50 Muslim countries in Istanbul, said the U.S. move meant Washington had forfeited its role as broker in efforts to end Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
“From now on, it is out of the question for a biased United States to be a mediator” between Israelis and Palestinians, and “that period is over,” Erdogan said at the end of the meeting of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation member states.
“We need to discuss who will be a mediator from now on. This needs to be tackled in the UN too,” Erdogan said.
A communique posted on the Turkish Foreign Ministry website said the emirs, presidents and ministers gathered in Istanbul regarded Trump’s move “as an announcement of the U.S. administration’s withdrawal from its role as sponsor of peace.”
‘Undermining’ peace efforts
The communique described the decision as “a deliberate undermining of all peace efforts, an impetus [for] extremism and terrorism, and a threat to international peace and security.”
Leaders including Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani and Jordan’s King Abdullah, a close U.S. ally, all criticized Washington’s move.
Abbas said Trump’s decision was “the greatest crime” and a violation of international law.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, host of the summit in Istanbul, has been among the most vocal critics of Trump’s Jerusalem declaration. The Trump administration has said it remains committed to reaching peace between Israel and the Palestinians, and that its decision does not affect Jerusalem’s future borders or status.
Also stating that any credible future peace deal will place the Israeli capital in Jerusalem, and that ditching old policies is needed to revive a peace process frozen since 2014.
But Abbas told the leaders in Istanbul that Washington had shown it could no longer be an honest broker.
“It will be unacceptable for it to have a role in the political process any longer since it is biased in favour of Israel,” he said. “This is our position and we hope you support us in this.”
Jerusalem, revered by Jews, Christians and Muslims alike, is home to Islam’s third holiest site and has been at the heart of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict for decades. Israel captured Arab East Jerusalem in 1967 and later annexed it in an action not recognized internationally.
The communique on the Turkish ministry website and a separate “Istanbul Declaration” distributed to journalists after the meeting said the leaders called on all countries to recognize East Jerusalem as the capital of the Palestinian territories.
“We invite the Trump administration to reconsider its unlawful decision that might trigger … chaos in the region, and to rescind its mistaken step,” the declaration said.
Iran, locked in a regional rivalry with Saudi Arabia, said the Muslim world should overcome internal problems through dialogue so it could unite against Israel. Tehran has repeatedly called for the destruction of the Israeli state and backs several militant groups in their fight against it.
Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani told the summit that the U.S. “has no respect for the legitimate rights of Palestinians.”
King Abdullah of Jordan, whose country signed a peace treaty with Israel more than 20 years ago, said he rejected any attempt to alter the status quo of Jerusalem and its holy sites.
Abdullah’s Hashemite dynasty is custodian of Jerusalem’s Muslim sites, making Amman sensitive to any changes in the city.
Not all countries were represented by heads of government. Some sent ministers and Saudi Arabia, another close ally of Washington’s, sent a junior foreign minister.
‘No substitute’ for U.S.
Summit host Turkey has warned that Trump’s decision would plunge the world into “a fire with no end in sight.”
Erdogan described it as reward for Israeli actions including occupation, settlement construction, land seizure and “disproportionate violence and murder.”
“I invite all countries supporting international law to recognize Jerusalem as the occupied capital of Palestine. We cannot be late any more,” Erdogan told leaders and ministers from more than 50 Muslim countries.
Trump’s declaration has been applauded by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who said Washington had an irreplaceable part to play in the region.
“There is no substitute to the role that the United States plays in leading the peace process,” he said at a Hanukkah holiday candle lighting ceremony recently.
The US president’s decision on Jerusalem provoked worldwide condemnation from leaders, Arab and otherwise. and sparked violent protests across the Middle East, particularly in the Israeli-occupied territories Gaza and the West Bank.